Bonus content from the May 2010 REPTILES magazine article "Planting For Success."
|Plants are unnaturally tall, thin, spindly or lanky, with leaves spaced far apart.||Not enough light provided to the vivarium; Substrate too wet.||Provide more intense light; Provide better substrate drainage.|
|Plant base or stem soft or mushy; plant falls over at base.||Substrate too wet and probably polluted; Possibly secondary fungal, viral or bacterial infection.||Provide better substrate drainage – probably a good idea to replace with fresh vivarium substrate mix.|
|Sudden generalized leaf drop – many or most, not just a few here and there.||Vivarium probably exposed to sudden temperature changes or drafts.||Check to make sure vivarium not exposed to drafts from windows, air conditioning vents, etc.|
|Brown, dry or scorched-looking leaf tips and edges.||Excessive salts or other toxins in substrate; Possibly excessively dry air.||Replace substrate with proper vivarium substrate mix; Do not use synthetic fertilizers; Check humidity.|
|Leaves have brown, yellow or black spots or soft/mushy patches.||Fungal, bacterial or viral infections indicating polluted environment; Possible contact with harmful chemical(s).||Disinfect vivarium & use new vivarium substrate mix, plants and fixtures; Do not use glass cleaner or other chemicals on or near vivarium.|
|Wilting of entire plant, leaf curling and crisping.||Substrate too dry; If substrate moist, probable root rot due to pollution.||Moisten dry substrate; Replace polluted substrate.|
|Generalized leaf yellowing or paleness.||Substrate pH imbalance and/or nutrient deficiency or toxicity; Vivarium air polluted or exposed to toxic gasses; Light too intense.||Use proper vivarium substrate mix and organic fertilizer; Provide good air circulation; Check for toxic gas source in area; Check light intensity.|
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